Sleepy Hollow


From the listless repose of the place, and the peculiar character of its inhabitants, who are descendants from the original Dutch settlers, this sequestered glen has long been known by name of Sleepy Hollow … A drowsy, dreamy influence seems to hang over the land, and to pervade the very atmosphere.

— Washington Irving, The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

The story is set in 1790 in the countryside around the Dutch settlement of Tarry Town (historical Tarrytown, New York), in a secluded glen called Sleepy Hollow. Sleepy Hollow is renowned for itstorys ghosts and the haunting atmosphere that pervades the imaginations of its inhabitants and visitors. Some residents say this town was bewitched during the early days of the Dutch settlement. Other residents say an old Native American chief, the wizard of his tribe, held his powwows here before the country was discovered by Master Hendrick Hudson. The most infamous spectre in the Hollow is the Headless Horseman, said to be the ghost of a Hessian trooper who had his head shot off by a stray cannonball during “some nameless battle”[non sequitur] of the American Revolutionary War, and who “rides forth to the scene of battle in nightly quest of his head”.

The “Legend” relates the tale of Ichabod Crane, a lean, lanky and extremely superstitious schoolmaster from Connecticut, who competes with Abraham “Brom Bones” Van Brunt, the town rowdy, for the hand of 18-year-old Katrina Van Tassel, the daughter and sole child of a wealthy farmer, Baltus Van Tassel. Crane, a Yankee and an outsider, sees marriage to Katrina as a means of procuring Van Tassel’s extravagant wealth. Bones, the local hero, vies with Ichabod for Katrina’s hand, playing a series of pranks on the jittery schoolmaster, and the fate of Sleepy Hollow’s fortune weighs in the balance for some time. The tension between the three is soon brought to a head. On a placid autumn night, the ambitious Crane attends a harvest party at the Van Tassels’ homestead. He dances, partakes in the feast, and listens to ghostly legends told by Brom and the locals, but his true aim is to propose to Katrina after the guests leave. His intentions, however, are ill-fated.

After having failed to secure Katrina’s hand, Ichabod rides home “heavy-hearted and crestfallen” through the woods between Van Tassel’s farmstead and the Sleepy Hollow settlement. As he passes several purportedly haunted spots, his active imagination is engorged by the ghost stories told at Baltus’ harvest party. After nervously passing under a lightning-stricken tulip tree purportedly haunted by the ghost of British spy Major André, Ichabod encounters a cloaked rider at an intersection in a menacing swamp. Unsettled by his fellow traveler’s eerie size and silence, the teacher is horrified to discover that his companion’s head is not on his shoulders, but on his saddle. In a frenzied race to the bridge adjacent to the Old Dutch Burying Ground, where the Hessian is said to “vanish, according to rule, in a flash of fire and brimstone” upon crossing it, Ichabod rides for his life, desperately goading his temperamental plow horse down the Hollow. However, to the pedagogue’s horror, the ghoul clambers over the bridge, rears his horse, and hurls his severed head into Ichabod’s terrified face.

The next morning, Ichabod has mysteriously disappeared from town, leaving Katrina to marry Brom Bones, who was said “to look exceedingly knowing whenever the story of Ichabod was related.” Indeed, the only relics of the schoolmaster’s flight are his wandering horse, trampled saddle, discarded hat, and a mysterious shattered pumpkin. Although the nature of the Headless Horseman is left open to interpretation, the story implies that the ghost was really Brom (an agile stunt rider) in disguise. Irving’s narrator concludes, however, by stating that the old Dutch wives continue to promote the belief that Ichabod was “spirited away by supernatural means,” and a legend develops around his disappearance and sightings of his melancholy spirit.

 

La historia toma lugar en 1784, en los alrededores del asentamiento holandés de Tarry Town (Tarrytown, Nueva York), en un apartado valle llamado Sleepy Hollow. Este es conocido por sus fantasmas y el ambiente embrujado que impregna la imaginación de sus habitantes y visitantes. El espectro más infame del lugar es el Jinete sin Cabeza, de quien se dice que es el fantasma de un antiguo soldado hessiano al que alcanzó una bala de cañón en la cabeza durante “alguna batalla sin nombre” de la Guerra de Independencia de Estados Unidos y quien “cabalga hacia la escena de la batalla en una nocturna búsqueda de su cabeza”.

La leyenda narra el relato de Ichabod Crane, un profesor de escuela extremadamente supersticioso de Connecticut que se enamora de la joven de 18 años Katrina Van Tassel, hija única de Baltus Van Tassel, un adinerado granjero del pueblo, y de su fortuna, a la que también pretende el joven y rudo Abraham “Brom Bones” Van Brunt. Una plácida noche tremenda , el ambicioso docente asiste a una fiesta en casa de los Van Tassel. Baila, disfruta del festín y escucha los fantasmagóricos relatos que narran Brom y el resto de los lugareños, aunque su único propósito es declararse a Katrina después de que los invitados se marchen.

 

Tras una insatisfactoria declaración, Ichabod cabalga a casa a través de los espeluznantes bosques entre la granja de los Van Tassel y el asentamiento de Sleepy Hollow. Según va pasando por los supuestos lugares encantados, su activa imaginación se ve abrumada por las historias de espíritus narradas en la fiesta de la cosecha de Baltus. En cierto momento el Jinete se le aparece. En una frenética carrera hacia el puente adyacente al cementerio de la Antigua Iglesia Holandesa del valle, donde se decía que el antiguo jinete “se desvanecería en un destello de llamas y azufre”, Ichabod cabalgó por su vida, apremiando desesperadamente a su caballo hacia la parte baja del Valle. Aun así, para horror del pedagogo, el macabro espíritu alcanzó el puente, encabritó a su caballo y arrojó su decapitada cabeza a la aterrorizada cara de Ichabod Crane.

A la noche siguiente, Ichabod había desaparecido misteriosamente del pueblo, permitiendo que Katrina se casase con Brom, de quien se comentaba que sabía demasiado sobre los acontecimientos cuando se narraba el relato de Ichabod en el pueblo. De hecho, los únicos elementos encontrados sobre la desaparición del profesor fueron su caballo, su sombrero y una misteriosa calabaza destrozada en ese mismo lugar.

Aunque la naturaleza del Jinete queda abierta a la libre interpretación, la historia insinúa que el jinete era en realidad Brom (un ágil y experimentado jinete) disfrazado.tinta limpia.jpg

 

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